Regulation of squalene synthetase and squalene epoxidase activities in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Lipids. 1989 Dec;24(12):1020-3. doi: 10.1007/BF02544072.


Squalene synthetase (EC and squalene epoxidase (EC 1.14 99.7) activities have been measured in cell-free extracts of wild type yeast grown in aerobic and semi-anaerobic conditions as well as in sterol-auxotrophic mutant strains grown aerobically. The results show that both enzymes are induced resulting in an almost two- to five-fold increase in enzymatic activities in mutant strains containing limited sterol amounts and are repressed in the wild type strain cultured in anaerobiosis in excess of sterol. The results show also that squalene epoxidase is repressed by lanosterol, and that the mevalonic acid pool may regulate squalene synthetase levels. The large change in the activities of the two enzymes, depending on the sterol needs of the cells, as well as their low specific activities in comparison with those of the enzymes involved in the early stages of sterol synthesis strongly suggests that squalene synthetase and squalene epoxidase are of importance in regulating the amount of sterol synthesized by yeast.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anaerobiosis
  • Ergosterol / metabolism
  • Farnesyl-Diphosphate Farnesyltransferase / metabolism*
  • Mevalonic Acid / metabolism
  • Oxidoreductases / metabolism*
  • Oxygen / metabolism
  • Oxygenases / metabolism*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / enzymology*
  • Squalene Monooxygenase


  • Oxidoreductases
  • Oxygenases
  • Squalene Monooxygenase
  • Farnesyl-Diphosphate Farnesyltransferase
  • Mevalonic Acid
  • Oxygen
  • Ergosterol