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Review
, 77, 1-55

Oats-From Farm to Fork

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Review

Oats-From Farm to Fork

Ravi Menon et al. Adv Food Nutr Res.

Abstract

Oats have a long history of use as human food and animal feed. From its origins in the Fertile Crescent, the oat has adapted to a wide range of climatic conditions and geographic regions. Its unique macro-, micro-, and phytonutrient composition, high nutritional value, and relatively low agricultural input requirements makes oats unique among cereal crops. The health benefits of the oats are becoming well established. While the connection between oat β-glucan fiber in reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease and controlling glycemia have been unequivocally established, other potential benefits including modulation of intestinal microbiota and inflammation continue to be explored. Advances in food technology are continuing to expand the diversity of oat-based foods, creating opportunities to deliver the health benefits of oats to a larger segment of the population.

Keywords: Agriculture; Avena sativa; Avenanthramides; Cholesterol; Fiber; Foods; Genetics; Glycemia; Health Claims; Microbiota; Oatmeal; Oats; Phytonutrients; Processing; RTE-cereal; β-Glucan.

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