Background: The aim of our study is to determine if a goal-directed program improves weight loss after sleeve gastrectomy.
Methods: Our goal-directed program involves setting excess weight loss targets at fixed intervals after sleeve gastrectomy. We identified patients in 3 bariatric centers between April 2010 and July 2013 and compared the center that has a goal-directed weight loss program (goal-directed program) with the other 2 centers (standard program).
Results: A total of 211 patients were included, with 129 patients in the goal-directed weight loss program. The 2 groups were similar in terms of gender distribution, ethnicity distribution, age, and preoperative weight, preoperative body mass index, and surgical technique. The follow-up rates at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months for patients in the goal-directed program was 84.5%, 75.2%, 59.7%, and 82.2%, respectively, compared with 65.9%, 68.3%, 51.2%, and 68.3% for the standard program. The percentage total weight loss at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months was 17.1%, 23.3%, 26.8%, and 28.6%, respectively, for the goal-directed program, compared with 15.3%, 21.8%, 24.4%, and 25.4%, respectively, for the standard program. The mean excess weight loss at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months were 40%, 54%, 62%, and 67%, respectively, for the goal-directed program group, and 36%, 50%, 54%, and 55%, respectively, for the standard program, where statistical significance (P<.005) was achieved at 12 months.
Conclusion: Our results suggest that a goal-directed protocol may improve weight loss outcomes after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy.
Keywords: Bariatric program; Goal-directed program; Sleeve gastrectomy.
Copyright © 2016 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.