Effects of Cereal, Fruit and Vegetable Fibers on Human Fecal Weight and Transit Time: A Comprehensive Review of Intervention Trials

Nutrients. 2016 Mar 2;8(3):130. doi: 10.3390/nu8030130.


Cereal fibers are known to increase fecal weight and speed transit time, but far less data are available on the effects of fruits and vegetable fibers on regularity. This study provides a comprehensive review of the impact of these three fiber sources on regularity in healthy humans. We identified English-language intervention studies on dietary fibers and regularity and performed weighted linear regression analyses for fecal weight and transit time. Cereal and vegetable fiber groups had comparable effects on fecal weight; both contributed to it more than fruit fibers. Less fermentable fibers increased fecal weight to a greater degree than more fermentable fibers. Dietary fiber did not change transit time in those with an initial time of <48 h. In those with an initial transit time ≥48 h, transit time was reduced by approximately 30 min per gram of cereal, fruit or vegetable fibers, regardless of fermentability. Cereal fibers have been studied more than any other kind in relation to regularity. This is the first comprehensive review comparing the effects of the three major food sources of fiber on bowel function and regularity since 1993.

Keywords: bowel function; cereal fiber; dietary fibers; fecal weight; fermentation; fruit fiber; regularity; transit time; vegetable fiber.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Defecation*
  • Diet*
  • Dietary Fiber*
  • Edible Grain*
  • Feces / chemistry*
  • Fermentation
  • Fruit*
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases / diet therapy*
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases / physiopathology
  • Gastrointestinal Transit*
  • Humans
  • Intestines / physiopathology*
  • Time Factors
  • Vegetables*