Anti-Metastatic Properties of a Marine Bacterial Exopolysaccharide-Based Derivative Designed to Mimic Glycosaminoglycans

Molecules. 2016 Mar 4;21(3):309. doi: 10.3390/molecules21030309.


Osteosarcoma is the most frequent malignant primary bone tumor characterized by a high potency to form lung metastases. In this study, the effect of three oversulfated low molecular weight marine bacterial exopolysaccharides (OS-EPS) with different molecular weights (4, 8 and 15 kDa) were first evaluated in vitro on human and murine osteosarcoma cell lines. Different biological activities were studied: cell proliferation, cell adhesion and migration, matrix metalloproteinase expression. This in vitro study showed that only the OS-EPS 15 kDa derivative could inhibit the invasiveness of osteosarcoma cells with an inhibition rate close to 90%. Moreover, this derivative was potent to inhibit both migration and invasiveness of osteosarcoma cell lines; had no significant effect on their cell cycle; and increased slightly the expression of MMP-9, and more highly the expression of its physiological specific tissue inhibitor TIMP-1. Then, the in vivo experiments showed that the OS-EPS 15 kDa derivative had no effect on the primary osteosarcoma tumor induced by osteosarcoma cell lines but was very efficient to inhibit the establishment of lung metastases in vivo. These results can help to better understand the mechanisms of GAGs and GAG-like derivatives in the biology of the tumor cells and their interactions with the bone environment to develop new therapeutic strategies.

Keywords: bone metabolism; bone remodeling; derivatives; exopolysaccharides; glycosaminoglycan; heparin-like; lung mestatases; osteosarcoma; sulfation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents / isolation & purification*
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Aquatic Organisms / chemistry
  • Bone Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • Bone Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Bone Neoplasms / pathology
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Movement / drug effects
  • Cell Proliferation / drug effects
  • Cell Survival / drug effects
  • Glycosaminoglycans / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / prevention & control
  • Lung Neoplasms / secondary
  • Male
  • Matrix Metalloproteinases / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C3H
  • Mice, Nude
  • Molecular Mimicry
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness / prevention & control
  • Osteosarcoma / drug therapy
  • Osteosarcoma / pathology
  • Osteosarcoma / secondary
  • Polysaccharides, Bacterial / pharmacology*
  • Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases / metabolism


  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Glycosaminoglycans
  • Polysaccharides, Bacterial
  • Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases
  • Matrix Metalloproteinases