Inulin and Fibersol-2 Combined Have Hypolipidemic Effects on High Cholesterol Diet-Induced Hyperlipidemia in Hamsters

Molecules. 2016 Mar 5;21(3):313. doi: 10.3390/molecules21030313.

Abstract

The resistant carbohydrates, inulin, and Fibersol-2, belong to soluble dietary fibers and are considered important prebiotics that maintain biological functions, including glucose homeostasis, lipid regulation, colon disease prevention, and prebiotics characteristics. However, few studies have investigated Fibersol-2 alone or in combination with inulin to assess a pooled effect on modulation of hyperlipidemia. We aimed to investigate the effects of this combined supplement (defined as InF) on hamsters fed a 0.2% cholesterol and 10% lard diet (i.e., high-cholesterol diet, HCD) to induce hyperlipidemia. A total of 40 male hamsters were randomly assigned to five groups (n = 8 per group) for treatment: standard diet, vehicle (control); or vehicle or InF supplementation by oral gavage at 0, 864, 1727, or 2591 mg/kg/day for eight weeks, designated HCD, InF-1X, InF-2X, and InF-3X groups, respectively. The hypolipidemic efficacy and safety of InF supplementation was assessed by serum lipid indexes, hepatic and fecal lipid content, and histology. InF supplementation significantly improved serum levels of triacylglycerol (TG) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and the ratio of LDL-C/HDL-C after two-week treatment, and reduced serum total cholesterol (TC) levels after four-week administration. After eight-week supplementation, InF supplementation dose-dependently improved serum levels of TC, TG, HDL-C, and LDL-C; LDL-C/HDL-C ratio; and hepatic TC and TG levels. It inhibited TC absorption by feces elimination. Our study provides experiment-based evidence to support that this prebiotics remedy may be useful in preventing or treating hyperlipidemia.

Keywords: high-cholesterol diet; hypolipidemic; inulin; lipid-profiles; resistant maltodextrin.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cholesterol / metabolism
  • Cholesterol, Dietary / administration & dosage
  • Cricetinae
  • Diet, High-Fat / adverse effects
  • Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Fiber / administration & dosage*
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Hyperlipidemias / blood
  • Hyperlipidemias / diet therapy*
  • Hyperlipidemias / etiology
  • Hypolipidemic Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Inulin / administration & dosage*
  • Lipids / blood
  • Liver / drug effects
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Male
  • Prebiotics / administration & dosage
  • Triglycerides / metabolism

Substances

  • Cholesterol, Dietary
  • Dietary Fats
  • Dietary Fiber
  • Hypolipidemic Agents
  • Lipids
  • Prebiotics
  • Triglycerides
  • Inulin
  • Cholesterol
  • lard