The Effects of Creatine Supplementation on Explosive Performance and Optimal Individual Postactivation Potentiation Time

Nutrients. 2016 Mar 4;8(3):143. doi: 10.3390/nu8030143.


Creatine plays an important role in muscle energy metabolism. Postactivation potentiation (PAP) is a phenomenon that can acutely increase muscle power, but it is an individualized process that is influenced by muscle fatigue. This study examined the effects of creatine supplementation on explosive performance and the optimal individual PAP time during a set of complex training bouts. Thirty explosive athletes performed tests of back squat for one repetition maximum (1RM) strength and complex training bouts for determining the individual optimal timing of PAP, height and peak power of a counter movement jump before and after the supplementation. Subjects were assigned to a creatine or placebo group and then consumed 20 g of creatine or carboxymethyl cellulose per day for six days. After the supplementation, the 1RM strength in the creatine group significantly increased (p < 0.05). The optimal individual PAP time in the creatine group was also significant earlier than the pre-supplementation and post-supplementation of the placebo group (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference in jump performance between the groups. This study demonstrates that creatine supplementation improves maximal muscle strength and the optimal individual PAP time of complex training but has no effect on explosive performance.

Keywords: complex training; counter movement jump; maximal muscle strength; peak power.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Creatinine / administration & dosage*
  • Creatinine / metabolism
  • Dietary Supplements*
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Energy Metabolism / drug effects*
  • Exercise Tolerance / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Muscle Contraction / drug effects*
  • Muscle Fatigue / drug effects
  • Muscle Strength / drug effects
  • Muscle, Skeletal / drug effects*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism
  • Performance-Enhancing Substances / administration & dosage*
  • Performance-Enhancing Substances / metabolism
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult


  • Performance-Enhancing Substances
  • Creatinine