Chronic hyperglycemia induces non-enzymatic protein glycation, which plays an important role in the development of diabetic complications. Immense efforts have been made to determine effective antiglycation compounds from natural products. Pomelo has shown beneficial effects for human health. The objective of this study was to determine the antiglycation effect of pomelo extract against fructose-mediated protein oxidation and glycation. Our results showed that the pomelo extract (0.25 - 2.00 mg/mL) significantly inhibited the overall formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in a concentration-dependent manner. The pomelo extract markedly decreased the level of fructosamine, which is directly associated with reduction in formation of AGEs and N (ε)-(carboxymethyl)lysine (CML). In addition, the pomelo extract inhibited protein oxidation through its ability to prevent the loss of thiol groups and reduced protein carbonyl formation. We characterized the active components in the pomelo extract by using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), which showed that the pomelo extract contained naringin (11.90 ± 0.21 mg/g dried extract), hesperidin (12.04 ± 0.12 mg/g dried extract), neohesperidin (25.4 ± 0.12 mg/g dried extract), and naringenin (9.20 ± 0.19 mg/g dried extract). Our findings could provide a new insight into the antiglycation properties of the extract of the naturally occurring fruit pomelo for preventing AGE-mediated diabetic complications.
Keywords: HPLC; flavonoids; glycation; pomelo.