Tranexamic acid-associated seizures: A meta-analysis

Seizure. 2016 Mar;36:70-73. doi: 10.1016/j.seizure.2016.02.011. Epub 2016 Feb 26.

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the incidence rate of tranexamic acid (TXA)-associated seizures.

Methods: Two electronic databases (Medline and Embase) were searched. We looked for additional studies in the references of all identified publications. The cutoff day was 2015 Dec 06. Two authors independently reviewed the titles and abstracts of the publications identified firstly. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to compare discontinuous variables.

Results: Ten studies enrolling 26,079 patients with TXA exposure and 7395 patients with non-TXA exposure were included. The cumulative incidence rate of TXA-associated seizures is 2.7%. The odds ratio of seizure is 5.39 (95%CI: 3.29-8.85; I(2)=0%; P<0.001) in patients with TXA exposure vs patients with non-TXA exposure. The incidence rate of TXA-associated seizures increased when the dose levels increased.

Conclusion: The risk of seizure increased in patients with TXA exposure and the incidence rate of TXA-associated seizures increased when the dose levels increased.

Keywords: Meta-analysis; Seizure incidence; Tranexamic acid.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antifibrinolytic Agents / adverse effects*
  • Databases, Bibliographic / statistics & numerical data
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Humans
  • Odds Ratio
  • Seizures / chemically induced*
  • Tranexamic Acid / adverse effects*

Substances

  • Antifibrinolytic Agents
  • Tranexamic Acid