Rapid determination of methandrostenolone in equine urine by isotope dilution liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

J Chromatogr. 1989 Dec 29;497:49-57. doi: 10.1016/0378-4347(89)80004-0.


Urine samples were spiked with [17-methyl-2H3]methandrostenolone as internal standard and extracted with a mixture of dichloromethane and cyclohexane. The organic phase was concentrated and injected onto a short octyl-silica column (30 mm x 4.6 mm I.D.) for separation of methandrostenolone and 17-epimethandrostenolone. The effluent from the column was connected to a Sciex TAGA 6000E triple quadrupole mass spectrometer equipped with an atmospheric pressure ion source for sampling of ions generated by a heated pneumatic nebulizer with corona discharge ionization. This ion source produced abundant [M + H]+ ions and a weak fragment ion due to loss of water. The protonated molecular ions at m/z 301 and 304 for methandrostenolone, 17-epimethandrostenolone and the internal standard were transmitted to the second quadrupole for collision-induced dissociation. Quantification was obtained by selected reaction monitoring of three daughter ions. Methandrostenolone and 17-epimethandrostenolone were separated by liquid chromatography, but gave identical mass spectra. The method detection limit by injection of a urine extract corresponding to 2.8 ml urine was 180 pg/ml at the 99% confidence level. The precision (relative standard deviation) was 3% at the 16 ng/ml level and the linear dynamic range was at least 3 orders of magnitude. Screening for unknown metabolites in urine after administration of methandrostenolone to horses and humans was accomplished by a parent ion scan of m/z 121, a fragment corresponding to the intact A-ring of the steroids.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chromatography, Liquid / methods
  • Horses
  • Humans
  • Indicator Dilution Techniques
  • Mass Spectrometry / methods
  • Methandrostenolone / urine*


  • Methandrostenolone