Comparison between the effects of 18- and 23-mmHg elastic stockings on leg volume and fatigue in golfers

Int Angiol. 2017 Apr;36(2):129-135. doi: 10.23736/S0392-9590.16.03647-6. Epub 2016 Mar 11.


Background: The aim of this study was to determine the differences in the effect of 18- versus 23-mmHg hosiery as for leg volume and fatigue control.

Methods: Forty golf players (M: N.=29, F: N.=11; mean age 48±11 years) were randomized for a 18-hole competition without hosiery (N.=10), with 18-mmHg graduated stockings (N.=10) and with 23-mmHg graduated stockings (N.=20, half of which footless and half footed). An echo-color-Doppler scanning excluded vascular pathologies. Limb volume was assessed by water plethysmography. The perceived fatigue was assessed by a questionnaire.

Results: The use of no hosiery led to a 5% increase in leg volume (P<0.0001). In the 18-mmHg group, a non-significant 1% volume reduction was observed. In the 23-mmHg group, leg volume significantly decreased by 4% both with footless and footed stockings. A significant fatigue reduction was perceived only in the 23-mmHg group.

Conclusions: A leg volume increase was reported along an 18-hole competition. In the 18- and 23-mmHg groups, only the latter demonstrated a significant reduction in leg volume and perceived fatigue.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Edema / therapy*
  • Fatigue / therapy*
  • Female
  • Golf*
  • Humans
  • Leg / blood supply*
  • Leg / diagnostic imaging*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Plethysmography
  • Stockings, Compression*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color
  • Vascular Diseases / therapy