The Effect of Bleaching Gel and (940 Nm and 980 Nm) Diode Lasers Photoactivation on Intrapulpal Temperature and Teeth Whitening Efficiency

Aust Endod J. 2016 Dec;42(3):112-118. doi: 10.1111/aej.12146. Epub 2016 Mar 9.

Abstract

This in vitro study aimed to investigate the whitening efficacy of 940 nm and 980 nm diode laser photoactivation in tooth bleaching by analysing pulp chamber temperature, as well as the change in tooth colour. Root canals of thirty extracted human lower premolars were prepared. Laserwhite* 20 bleaching agent containing 38% of hydrogen peroxide was photoactivated with 7 W output power of 940 nm and 980 nm diode lasers for 120 s. Bleaching gel reduced 27-29% of the temperature from reaching the pulp chamber. For shade assessment, only the groups photoactivated using diode lasers showed statistically significant differences from control group P < 0.001. Within the studied parameters, both 940 nm and 980 nm diode lasers produced a safe pulp temperature increase. Diode laser photoactivation of bleaching gel resulted in more efficient teeth whitening. Photoactivation with 940 nm diode laser yielded the highest change in colour with only minor increase in pulp chamber temperature.

Keywords: colour analysis; diode laser; power bleaching; temperature increment; tooth whitening.

MeSH terms

  • Dental Pulp
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Lasers, Semiconductor*
  • Light
  • Temperature
  • Tooth Bleaching*

Substances

  • Hydrogen Peroxide