Objectives: To evaluate the epileptic, academic, and developmental status at age 7 years in a large population of term-born children who sustained neonatal arterial ischemic stroke (NAIS), and to assess the co-occurrence of these outcomes.
Study design: A cohort study including 100 term newborns with NAIS was designed. Two infants died during the neonatal period, 13 families were lost to follow-up, and 5 families declined to participate in this evaluation. Thus, 80 families completed the 7-year clinical assessment. Epileptic status, schooling, motor abilities, global intellectual functioning, spoken language, and parental opinions were recorded. Principal component analysis was applied.
Results: Rates of impaired language, cerebral palsy, low academic skills, active epilepsy, and global intellectual deficiency were 49%, 32%, 28%, 11%, and 8%, respectively. All were highly correlated. Eventually, 59% of children were affected by at least 1 of the aforementioned conditions. In 30% of cases, the viewpoints of health practitioners and parents did not match.
Conclusion: The prevalence of severe disabilities at 7 years after NAIS is low, but most children exhibit some impairment in developmental profile.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02511249), Programme Hospitalier de Recherche Clinique Régional (0308052), Programme Hospitalier de Recherche Clinique Interrégional (1008026), and EudraCT (2010-A00329-30).
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