Dynamic changes of the cell wall surface of Candida albicans associated with germination and adherence

Eur J Cell Biol. 1989 Dec;50(2):285-90.


The distribution of mannoproteins at the cell wall surface of Candida albicans was analyzed during the process of germination in conditions favoring adherence of germ tubes to a plastic matrix. Three cytochemical methods allowing the detection of concanavalin A binding sites, anionic sites and the enzyme acid phosphatase, respectively were used. All three methods gave similar results, indicating a spatial and temporal reorganization of some cell wall mannoproteins: a strong labeling was observed on blastoconidia; in contrast, as soon as the emergence of germ tubes took place, these reactions decreased dramatically at the surface of mother cells, whereas the germ tube surface was strongly stained. Some new components with multiple biological activities were detected at the germ-tube surface. Indeed, among mannoproteins responsible for an enhanced adhesion to plastic surfaces, two components with molecular weights of 68 and 60 to 62 kDa were shown to interact with laminin, fibrinogen, and C3d. This study therefore indicates that germination, and then adherence of germ tubes, imply a degradation of surface mannoproteins, and a simultaneous presentation of new molecules which can interact with their nonbiological materials or host proteins.

MeSH terms

  • Acid Phosphatase / metabolism
  • Anions / metabolism
  • Blotting, Western
  • Candida albicans / analysis
  • Candida albicans / metabolism*
  • Candida albicans / physiology
  • Candida albicans / ultrastructure
  • Cell Adhesion
  • Cell Wall / analysis
  • Cell Wall / metabolism*
  • Cell Wall / ultrastructure
  • Concanavalin A / metabolism
  • Ferritins / metabolism
  • Histocytochemistry
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / analysis*
  • Microscopy, Electron


  • Anions
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • mannoproteins
  • polycationic ferritin
  • Concanavalin A
  • Ferritins
  • Acid Phosphatase