Objective: To study the effect of PINK1 (phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten induced putative kinase 1) gene on cell apoptosis and cell autophagy in neonatal mice with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD).
Methods: Seventy-two wild-type C57BL/6 mice and 72 PINK1 gene knockout neonatal C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into four groups: sham-operated wild-type (SWT), HIBD model wild-type (MWT), sham-operated knockout (SKO) and HIBD model knockout (MKO). HIBD model was prepared by low oxygen exposure for 2.5 hours after right carotid artery ligation. After 24 hours of hypoxia-ischemia treatment, TTC (2,3,5-triphenyl four azole nitrogen chloride) staining was used to measure brain infarct volume. The immunohistochemical staining was used to measure the expression of cell apoptosis protein cleaved-caspase-3 (CC3) in brain tissues. The TUNEL method was used to measure cell apoptosis. The immunofluorescence staining and Western blot were used to measure the expression of cell autophagy protein LC3.
Results: Compared with the MWT group, the infarct volume of brain tissues was markedly reduced in the MKO group (P<0.05), the number of apoptotic cells and the cell apoptosis index were markedly decreased in the MKO group (P<0.05), the expression of apoptosis protein CC3 was significantly reduced in the MKO group (P<0.05), the expression of cell autophagy protein LC3 was significantly decreased in the MKO group, and the autophagy indicator LC3II/LC3I was also markedly reduced in the MKO group (P<0.05).
Conclusions: PINK1 gene knockout can protect neonatal mice from HIBD.