Changes in spinal alignment

Radiologia. 2016 Apr;58 Suppl 1:115-27. doi: 10.1016/j.rx.2016.01.007. Epub 2016 Mar 12.
[Article in English, Spanish]

Abstract

Spinal misalignments are a common reason for consultation at primary care centers and specialized departments. Misalignment has diverse causes and is influenced by multiple factors: in adolescence, the most frequent misalignment is scoliosis, which is idiopathic in 80% of cases and normally asymptomatic. In adults, the most common cause is degenerative. It is important to know the natural history and to detect factors that might predict progression. The correct diagnosis of spinal deformities requires specific imaging studies. The degree of deformity determines the type of treatment. The aim is to prevent progression of the deformity and to recover the flexibility and balance of the body.

Keywords: Balance coronal; Balance sagital; Coronal balance; Desalineación vertebral; Escoliosis; Plain-film X-ray; Radiografía; Sagittal balance; Scoliosis; Spinal misalignment.

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Spinal Curvatures* / diagnostic imaging
  • Spinal Curvatures* / etiology