[Developments in modern cataract surgery – a critical overview]

Ther Umsch. 2016;73(2):53-9. doi: 10.1024/0040-5930/a000756.
[Article in German]


Cataract surgery has tremendously evolved in recent years. Innovations include micro-incision cataract surgery through incisions smaller than 2mm, high-fluidics phacoaspiration and laser phacoemulsification to minimize or replace the use of ultrasound, the advent of femtolasers for high-precision incisions in the cornea, the lens capsule and the cataractous lens, aspheric intraocular lenses (IOLs) to enhance the quality and contrast of the image, multifocal and enhanced-depth-of-focus IOLs to correct presbyopia, advancements in biometry and IOL power calculation, prevention of secondary capsule opacification by improvements in the design and material of the IOLs and surgical techniques like capsule polishing and posterior capsulorhexis, and pharmacological prophylaxis and possible future treatment of the cataract itself. Finally, cost-effectiveness and future potential of same-session bilateral cataract surgery are discussed.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cataract / diagnosis*
  • Cataract Extraction / instrumentation*
  • Cataract Extraction / methods*
  • Humans
  • Lens Implantation, Intraocular / instrumentation
  • Lens Implantation, Intraocular / methods*
  • Lenses, Intraocular
  • Microsurgery / instrumentation
  • Microsurgery / methods
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / instrumentation
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / methods*
  • Surgery, Computer-Assisted / instrumentation
  • Surgery, Computer-Assisted / methods*