Transport stability of pesticides and PAHs sequestered in polyethylene passive sampling devices

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016 Jun;23(12):12392-9. doi: 10.1007/s11356-016-6453-3. Epub 2016 Mar 17.


Research using low-density polyethylene (LDPE) passive samplers has steadily increased over the past two decades. However, such research efforts remain hampered because of strict guidelines, requiring that these samplers be quickly transported in airtight metal or glass containers or foil wrapped on ice. We investigate the transport stability of model pesticides and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) with varying physicochemical properties using polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) bags instead. Transport scenarios were simulated with transport times up to 14 days with temperatures ranging between -20 and 35 °C. Our findings show that concentrations of all model compounds examined were stable for all transport conditions tested, with mean recoveries ranging from 88 to 113 %. Furthermore, PTFE bags proved beneficial as reusable, lightweight, low-volume, low-cost alternatives to conventional containers. This documentation of stability will allow for more flexible transportation of LDPE passive samplers in an expanding range of research applications while maintaining experimental rigor.

Keywords: LDPE; PAH; Passive sampling device; Pesticide; Storage; Transport stability.

MeSH terms

  • Pesticides / analysis*
  • Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons / analysis*
  • Polyethylene / chemistry


  • Pesticides
  • Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
  • Polyethylene