Goals and Plans of Incarcerated Men Postrelease

J Correct Health Care. 2016 Apr;22(2):146-56. doi: 10.1177/1078345816635187.


Prior research has not examined the self-identified goals and plans of incarcerated people as they approach release from prison. This study analyzed the goals and plans generated during a motivational interviewing counseling session of incarcerated men who participated in a randomized controlled trial of a smoking abstinence intervention in a tobacco-free prison in the northeastern United States. Using thematic analysis, 53 written goals and plans were independently coded by trained research assistants to identify major themes that included (1) staying smoke-free or reducing the number of cigarettes smoked postrelease, (2) engaging in physical activities to improve health and wellness, and (3) spending time with family and/or friends. Implications for working with inmates to identify their plans and goals to remain smoke-free after incarceration are discussed.

Keywords: goals; healthy behaviors; incarcerated males; plans; smoking abstinence.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Exercise
  • Goals*
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Motivational Interviewing
  • Prisoners / psychology*
  • Smoking Cessation / psychology*
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Tobacco Use Disorder / epidemiology
  • United States