Forty-five patients with various inflammatory diseases were imaged with 99Tcm-HMPAO labelled leucocytes and 99Tcm-nanocolloid within 7 days. The overall sensitivity of 99Tcm-leucocytes was 97% and that of 99Tcm-nanocolloid 59% and both agents had a 100% specificity. The 99Tcm-leucocyte method showed reliable results in various inflammatory and infectious conditions, and seems suitable as a primary imaging method. On the contrary, 99Tcm-nanocolloid cannot be recommended for use in inflammatory bowel diseases, soft tissue abscesses or prosthetic vascular graft infections. However, 99Tcm-nanocolloid gave reliable information in inflammatory and infectious bone and joint diseases in which it had a 90% sensitivity and 100% specificity. In those lesions the 99Tcm-nanocolloid method may be useful, because it is simple, fast and cheap. Yet, further evaluation is needed.