Deterministic Squeezed States with Collective Measurements and Feedback

Phys Rev Lett. 2016 Mar 4;116(9):093602. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.093602. Epub 2016 Mar 4.


We demonstrate the creation of entangled, spin-squeezed states using a collective, or joint, measurement and real-time feedback. The pseudospin state of an ensemble of N=5×10^{4} laser-cooled ^{87}Rb atoms is deterministically driven to a specified population state with angular resolution that is a factor of 5.5(8) [7.4(6) dB] in variance below the standard quantum limit for unentangled atoms-comparable to the best enhancements using only unitary evolution. Without feedback, conditioning on the outcome of the joint premeasurement, we directly observe up to 59(8) times [17.7(6) dB] improvement in quantum phase variance relative to the standard quantum limit for N=4×10^{5} atoms. This is one of the largest reported entanglement enhancements to date in any system.