Mitochondrial diseases encompass a wide variety of pathologies characterized by a dysfunction of the mitochondrial respiratory chain resulting in an energy deficiency. The respiratory chain consists of five multi-protein complexes providing coupling between nutrient oxidation and phosphorylation of ADP to ATP. In the present report, we studied mitochondrial genes of complex I, III, IV and V in 2 Tunisian patients with mitochondrial neuromuscular disorders. In the first patient, we detected the m.8392C>T variation (P136S) in the mitochondrial ATPase6 gene and the m.8527A>G transition at the junction MT-ATP6/MT-ATP8 which change the initiation codon AUG to GUG. The presence of these two variations in such an important gene could probably affect the ATP synthesis in the studied patient. In the second patient, we detected several known variations in addition to a mitochondrial deletion in the major arc of the mtDNA eliminating tRNA and respiratory chain protein genes. This deletion could be responsible of an inefficient translation leading to an inefficient mitochondrial protein synthesis in P2.
Keywords: ATP6 synthase gene; Mitochondrial deletion; Mitochondrial mutations; Neuromuscular disorders; mtDNA.
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