Dental implants: A review

Morphologie. 2016 Dec;100(331):189-198. doi: 10.1016/j.morpho.2016.02.002. Epub 2016 Mar 16.


A high number of patients have one or more missing tooth and it is estimated that one in four American subjects over the age of 74 have lost all their natural teeth. Many options exist to replace missing teeth but dental implants have become one of the most used biomaterial to replace one (or more) missing tooth over the last decades. Contemporary dental implants made with titanium have been proven safe and effective in large series of patients. This review considers the main historical facts concerned with dental implants and present the different critical factors that will ensure a good osseo-integration that will ensure a stable prosthesis anchorage.

Keywords: Bone graft; Chirurgie maxillo-faciale; Dental implants; Dental prosthesis; Greffe osseuse; Implantologie; Implantology; Implants dentaires; Maxillo-facial surgery; Prothèses dentaires.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alveolar Bone Loss / etiology
  • Biocompatible Materials
  • Bone Transplantation / methods
  • Contraindications
  • Dental Implantation, Endosseous / adverse effects
  • Dental Implantation, Endosseous / instrumentation
  • Dental Implantation, Endosseous / methods*
  • Dental Implants* / adverse effects
  • Dental Prosthesis Design
  • Humans
  • Mandible / surgery
  • Maxilla / surgery
  • Osseointegration*
  • Titanium
  • Tooth Loss / surgery*


  • Biocompatible Materials
  • Dental Implants
  • Titanium