Purpose: To compare study and fellow eyes in subjects with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) for 7-year outcomes arising from contrasting treatment histories and disease statuses.
Design: Multicenter cohort study, predetermined secondary analysis.
Participants: A total of 65 participants from the ranibizumab-treatment arms of the Anti-VEGF Antibody for the Treatment of Predominantly Classic Choroidal Neovascularization in Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ANCHOR), Minimally Classic/Occult Trial of the Anti-VEGF Antibody Ranibizumab In the Treatment of Neovascular AMD (MARINA), and Open-Label Extension Trial of Ranibizumab for Choroidal Neovascularization Secondary to Age-Related Macular Degeneration (HORIZON) trials, recruited for an update evaluation from 14 study sites.
Methods: Seven-year visual outcomes and retinal imaging data were compared with the ANCHOR, MARINA, and HORIZON databases. Under the ANCHOR and MARINA protocols, study eyes had received monthly ranibizumab injections for the initial 2 years, during which fellow eyes were prohibited from anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) treatments.
Main outcome measures: Percentage of subjects with study eye vision better than fellow eye, vision change from baseline to year 7, and mean area of macular atrophy (MA) were predetermined secondary end points.
Results: Fellow eyes with exudative AMD had received a mean 7.3 total injections of anti-VEGF agents in the mean 3.4 years off-study. For the 35% of subjects with exudative AMD in both eyes at baseline, within-patient comparisons at year 7 showed better vision in the study eye in 82%, with better mean final vision in study eyes (54.7 vs. 27.3 letters in fellow eyes, P < 0.001). Also in this subgroup, study eyes, which had received 2 years of high-frequency ranibizumab, had less severe MA than the respective fellow eye at year 7 in 88% of patients (mean area ± standard deviation 2.8±2.2 mm(2) vs. 5.8±2.5 mm(2) in the fellow eyes, P = 0.0013). Final fellow eye vision outcome was significantly correlated with MA severity (coefficient -6.95, P < 0.001), and patients' inter-eye vision difference corresponded to the degree of MA asymmetry.
Conclusions: Exudative fellow eyes remained at risk for further vision decline in later years under management with low-frequency anti-VEGF therapy. In patients with bilateral exudative AMD at baseline, final vision at year 7 was significantly better in study eyes than in fellow eyes, and MA was less severe. Macular atrophy area correlated with final visual outcomes, determined inter-eye vision differences, and was not attributable to high-frequency ranibizumab therapy.
Copyright © 2016 American Academy of Ophthalmology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.