Fermentable oligosaccharide, disaccharide, monosaccharide and polyol content of foods commonly consumed by ethnic minority groups in the United Kingdom

Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2016 Jun;67(4):383-90. doi: 10.3109/09637486.2016.1163328. Epub 2016 Mar 22.

Abstract

Dietary restriction of fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) is an effective management approach for functional bowel disorders; however, its application is limited by the paucity of food composition data available for ethnic minority groups. The aim was to identify and measure the FODMAP content of these commonly consumed foods. According to their perceived importance to clinical practise, the top 20 ranked foods underwent FODMAP analysis using validated analytical techniques (total fructans, Megazyme hexokinase (HK) assay; all others, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with evaporative light scattering detectors). Of the 20 foods analysed, five were identified as significant sources of at least one FODMAP. Fructans and galacto-oligosaccharides were the major FODMAPs in these foods, including channa dal (0.13 g/100 g; 0.36 g/100 g), fenugreek seeds (1.11 g/100 g; 1.27 g/100 g), guava (0.41 g/100 g; not detected), karela (not detected; 1.12 g/100 g) and tamarind (2.35 g/100 g; 0.02 g/100 g). Broadening the availability of FODMAP composition data will increase the cultural application of low FODMAP dietary advice.

Keywords: FODMAPs; fructo-oligosaccharides; fructose; galacto-oligosaccharides; high-performance liquid chromatography.

MeSH terms

  • African Continental Ancestry Group
  • Asian Continental Ancestry Group
  • Caribbean Region / ethnology
  • Culturally Competent Care
  • Diet Surveys
  • Diet* / ethnology
  • Diet, Carbohydrate-Restricted / ethnology
  • Disaccharides / adverse effects
  • Disaccharides / analysis*
  • Disaccharides / metabolism
  • Fermentation
  • Focus Groups
  • Food Analysis*
  • Fructans / adverse effects
  • Fructans / analysis
  • Fructans / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Internet
  • Minority Groups*
  • Monosaccharides / adverse effects
  • Monosaccharides / analysis*
  • Monosaccharides / metabolism
  • Nutritionists
  • Oligosaccharides / adverse effects
  • Oligosaccharides / analysis*
  • Oligosaccharides / metabolism
  • Raffinose / adverse effects
  • Raffinose / analysis
  • Raffinose / metabolism
  • Sugar Alcohols / adverse effects
  • Sugar Alcohols / analysis*
  • Sugar Alcohols / metabolism
  • United Kingdom

Substances

  • Disaccharides
  • Fructans
  • Monosaccharides
  • Oligosaccharides
  • Sugar Alcohols
  • stachyose
  • Raffinose