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, 25 (3), 380-6

Periimplant Bone Response in Human-Retrieved, Clinically Stable, Successful, and Functioning Dental Implants After a Long-Term Loading Period: A Report of 17 Cases From 4 to 20 Years

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Periimplant Bone Response in Human-Retrieved, Clinically Stable, Successful, and Functioning Dental Implants After a Long-Term Loading Period: A Report of 17 Cases From 4 to 20 Years

Giovanna Iezzi et al. Implant Dent.

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed at a histologic and histomorphometric analysis of the periimplant tissues and bone-titanium interface reactions in successfully osseointegrated, clinically stable, and immobile human titanium dental implants retrieved after a long loading period.

Materials and methods: In the last 30 months (2013-2015), 21 implants, retrieved from individuals for different causes after a loading period ranging from 4 to 20 years, were sent to the Implant Retrieval Center, University of Chieti-Pescara, Italy. In 4 cases, almost all the bone had been lost during the retrieval, whereas in the remaining 17 cases, mineralized bone was still present.

Results: Around the majority of the implants, mature compact bone with few marrow spaces was found. The trabecular bone, constituted by a few thin bone trabeculae, was in a periimplant location around only a few implants. A high percentage of bone-implant contact (BIC) (comprised between 32 ± 4.1% and 83 ± 2.9%) was present. In almost all implants, the space within the threads was almost completely filled by compact lamellar bone or by a thin layer of bone. Close and tight contact between bone and implant surface was observed in all specimens with no gaps or connective tissue at the interface.

Conclusions: All implants appeared to be well integrated in the surrounding mineralized bone, and all of them showed adequate bone-to-implant contact percentages.

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