Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of sheathless transradial access (TRA) with the looping technique for carotid artery stenting (CAS) compared with the transbrachial approach (TBA).
Methods: Among 99 symptomatic patients with a history of transient ischemic attack (TIA) or stroke, 38 patients (mean age 69±10 years; 28 men) with documented internal carotid artery stenosis were selected for CAS via a sheathless TRA and compared with 61 patients who received CAS via the brachial artery. Routine assessments of radial artery patency using duplex ultrasound and clinical follow-up were performed at 1, 6, and 12 months.
Results: The sheathless TRA technique offered 100% procedure success; only 1 patient in the sheathless TRA group and 2 patients in the TBA group experienced TIAs during the procedure. There were no major complications (major stroke or 30 day in-hospital death) in either group or radial access site complications. The incidence of radial artery occlusion in the sheathless TRA CAS group was 9% (3/33) at 1 year (5 patients died unrelated to the procedure).
Conclusion: The sheathless TRA with looping technique may be an alternative to transbrachial access for CAS in patients who have small radial arteries and are unsuitable for the transfemoral approach.
Keywords: brachial artery; carotid artery stenting; looping technique; radial artery occlusion; sheathless technique; transbrachial approach; transradial approach.
© The Author(s) 2016.