Parkinson's disease (PD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disease which is characterized by the cardinal symptoms akinesia, rigidity, rest tremor and postural instability. Besides PD features also a wide range of non-motor symptoms. Physical activity is recommended for all stages of PD and may hypothetically even have a positive influence on the course of the disease. Rehabilitative treatments become increasingly important in the advanced stage of the disease and include mainly physiotherapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy. Neurorehabilitation is arguably most important for the treatment of axial symptoms such as freezing, hypophonia, dysphagia, postural instability and postural disturbances that respond poorly to drug therapy. This article provides an overview of current developments in the field of neurorehabilitation in PD.
Keywords: Gangstörung; Gleichgewicht; Hypophonie; Parkinson's disease; Parkinson-Krankheit; Rehabilitation; balance; gait disorder; hypophonia; hypophonie; maladie de Parkinson; rehabilitation; réadaptation; trouble de la démarche; équilibre.