Periodontal and other soft tissue considerations in esthetic dentistry

J Esthet Dent. 1989 Nov-Dec;1(6):177-88. doi: 10.1111/j.1708-8240.1989.tb00499.x.


Esthetic considerations are playing a greater role in the treatment planning of dental care, especially in the restoration of anterior teeth. Much attention has been paid to both operative and prosthodontic techniques that are available in esthetic restorative dentistry. Less attention has been given to soft tissue esthetics, the shape of the face and position of the lips, and the contours, color, and overall appearance of the gingiva and associated soft tissues. This article reviews a basic approach to soft tissue esthetics, the appearance of the gingiva, the interrelationship of the gingiva, teeth, and restorations, and outlines several common soft tissue problems and their management.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alveolar Ridge Augmentation / methods*
  • Crowns / adverse effects
  • Dentures / adverse effects
  • Esthetics, Dental
  • Gingiva / anatomy & histology*
  • Gingival Diseases / therapy*
  • Gingival Hyperplasia / therapy*
  • Gingival Recession / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Oral Surgical Procedures, Preprosthetic / methods*