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. 2016 Mar 22;8(3):177.
doi: 10.3390/nu8030177.

Macronutrient Distribution and Dietary Sources in the Spanish Population: Findings From the ANIBES Study

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Free PMC article

Macronutrient Distribution and Dietary Sources in the Spanish Population: Findings From the ANIBES Study

Emma Ruiz et al. Nutrients. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Our aim was to analyze dietary macronutrient intake and its main sources according to sex and age. Results were derived from the ANIBES ("Anthropometry, Intake and Energy Balance in Spain") cross-sectional study using a nationally-representative sample of the Spanish population (9-75 years old). Mean dietary protein intake was 74.5 ± 22.4 g/day, with meat and meat products as the main sources (33.0%). Mean carbohydrate intake was 185.4 ± 60.9 g/day and was higher in children and adolescents; grains (49%), mainly bread, were the main contributor. Milk and dairy products (23%) ranked first for sugar intake. Mean lipid intake was 78.1 ± 26.1 g/day and was higher in younger age groups; contributions were mainly from oils and fats (32.5%; olive oil 25.6%) and meat and meat products (22.0%). Lipid profiles showed relatively high monounsaturated fatty acid intake, of which olive oil contributed 38.8%. Saturated fatty acids were mainly (>70%) combined from meat and meat products, milk and dairy products and oils and fats. Polyunsaturated fatty acids were mainly from oils and fats (31.5%). The macronutrient intake and distribution in the Spanish population is far from population reference intakes and nutritional goals, especially for children and adolescents.

Keywords: ANIBES study; carbohydrate intake; dietary fat; dietary fat quality sources; dietary protein; macronutrient intake.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Nutrient intake (%) by food group in the Spanish ANIBES population aged 9–75 years. Food groups that contribute <1% of the diet to the nutrient are not shown. SFA: saturated fatty acids; MUFA: monounsaturated fatty acids; PUFA: polyunsaturated fatty acids.
Figure 1
Figure 1
Nutrient intake (%) by food group in the Spanish ANIBES population aged 9–75 years. Food groups that contribute <1% of the diet to the nutrient are not shown. SFA: saturated fatty acids; MUFA: monounsaturated fatty acids; PUFA: polyunsaturated fatty acids.

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