Recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB) is a rare genodermatosis with severe blistering. No curative treatment is available. Scientific data indicated that epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a green tea extract, might improve the phenotype of RDEB patients. In a multicentre, randomized, crossover, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, we evaluated a 4-month oral EGCG treatment regimen in 17 RDEB patients. We found that EGCG treatment was not more effective than placebo in modified intention to treat and per protocol analysis (n = 16; p = 0.78 and n = 10; p = 1 respectively). Tolerance was good. Specific organizational and technical difficulties of controlled randomized double-blind trials in EB patients are discussed.
Trial registration: US National Institutes of Health Clinical Trial Register ( NCT00951964 ).
Keywords: Cathechin; Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa; Green tea; Metalloproteinase; Polyphenon.