The serotonin reuptake inhibitor citalopram suppresses activity in the neonatal rat barrel cortex in vivo

Brain Res Bull. 2016 Jun;124:48-54. doi: 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2016.03.011. Epub 2016 Mar 22.

Abstract

Inhibition of serotonin uptake, which causes an increase in extracellular serotonin levels, disrupts the development of thalamocortical barrel maps in neonatal rodents. Previous in vitro studies have suggested that the disruptive effect of excessive serotonin on barrel map formation involves a depression at thalamocortical synapses. However, the effects of serotonin uptake inhibitors on the early thalamocortical activity patterns in the developing barrel cortex in vivo remain largely unknown. Here, using extracellular recordings of the local field potentials and multiple unit activity (MUA) we explored the effects of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) citalopram (10-20mg/kg, intraperitoneally) on sensory evoked activity in the barrel cortex of neonatal (postnatal days P2-5) rats in vivo. We show that administration of citalopram suppresses the amplitude and prolongs the delay of the sensory evoked potentials, reduces the power and frequency of the early gamma oscillations, and suppresses sensory evoked and spontaneous neuronal firing. In the adolescent P21-29 animals, citalopram affected neither sensory evoked nor spontaneous activity in barrel cortex. We suggest that suppression of the early thalamocortical activity patterns contributes to the disruption of the barrel map development caused by SSRIs and other conditions elevating extracellular serotonin levels.

Keywords: Citalopram; Electroencephalogram; Neonate; Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors; Serotonin; Somatosensory cortex.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Alkaloids
  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Cerebral Cortex / drug effects
  • Citalopram / pharmacology*
  • Evoked Potentials, Somatosensory / drug effects*
  • Female
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Male
  • Neural Inhibition / drug effects*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Spectrum Analysis
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Alkaloids
  • Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
  • Wilcox compound
  • Citalopram