Background: Umbilical pilonidal sinus (UPS) is one of the most neglected disorders, and there is still no clear consensus regarding optimal treatment of the disease. We therefore present our data from a prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial comparing conservative vs surgical treatment of UPS.
Study design: The study was conducted in Turkey between January 2012 and November 2015. All eligible patients with the diagnosis of UPS (n = 84) were randomized for either conservative treatment (CT, n = 42) or surgical treatment (ST, n = 42). All patients were followed up for at least 2 years; then, the results of both groups were compared. The primary outcomes were initial healing, recurrence, and the cure rate of the disease after each treatment modality.
Results: Mean (± SD) age of the patients was 20.83 ± 5.73 years old, and the majority were men (94%). Nearly 60% of the patients had a deep navel, and 55% had intense hair status. The main symptoms were drainage and wetness, pain, itching, and malodor. Overall, in 10 (27.8%) patients, relapse of the disease was observed in the CT group; it was observed in only 1 patient in the ST group (p = 0.002). Initial healing time was significantly shorter in the ST group (p = 0.001). Of the 81 patients who completed the 2-year follow-up, a cure could be obtained in only 28 of 41 patients in the CT group; it was achieved in all 40 patients in the ST group (68.3% vs 100%, respectively; p = 0.0001).
Conclusions: This study provided evidence that surgical treatment is superior to conservative surgery regarding the primary and secondary outcomes of UPS at least 2 years after surgery.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01662765.
Copyright © 2016 American College of Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.