Complicated Migraines

Semin Pediatr Neurol. 2016 Feb;23(1):18-22. doi: 10.1016/j.spen.2016.01.007. Epub 2016 Jan 22.


Migraines are a common paroxysmal disorder that may present with a multitude of neurologic symptoms. Migraines have been re-categorized in the most recent edition of the International Classification of Headache Disorders. In this article, we review the literature on hemiplegic migraines, alternating hemiplegia of childhood, migraine with brainstem aura, retinal migraine, ophthalmoplegic migraine, Alice in Wonderland syndrome, and acute confusional migraine. We also discuss the principal clinical features, diagnostic criteria, and treatment options for these disorders.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Brain Stem / pathology
  • Epilepsy / complications
  • Epilepsy / pathology
  • Hemiplegia / complications
  • Humans
  • Migraine Disorders / complications*
  • Migraine Disorders / diagnosis
  • Migraine Disorders / therapy
  • Vision Disorders / complications