Bone abnormalities of the knee: MRI features

Diagn Interv Imaging. 2016 Jul-Aug;97(7-8):779-88. doi: 10.1016/j.diii.2016.02.011. Epub 2016 Mar 24.


The knee is one of the most studied anatomical structures by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Bone abnormalities are very frequently detected, whether or not related to the symptoms for which imaging was indicated. The aim of this pictorial study is to review the most commonly observed bone abnormalities of the knee, bearing in mind that the interpretation of MR images should always take into consideration both clinical and laboratory data, as well as the results of conventional X-ray imaging.

Keywords: Cancellous bone; Cortical bone; Diagnostic radiology; Knee; Periosteum.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bone Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Cancellous Bone / diagnostic imaging
  • Cortical Bone / diagnostic imaging
  • Cortical Bone / injuries
  • Edema / diagnostic imaging
  • Edema / etiology
  • Fractures, Cartilage / complications
  • Fractures, Cartilage / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Knee Injuries / complications
  • Knee Joint / diagnostic imaging*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Osteonecrosis / diagnostic imaging
  • Periosteum / diagnostic imaging
  • Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy / complications