Epidemiological and Economic Effects of Priming With the Whole-Cell Bordetella pertussis Vaccine

JAMA Pediatr. 2016 May 1;170(5):459-65. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0047.

Abstract

Importance: Current acellular pertussis vaccines may not protect against transmission of Bordetella pertussis.

Objective: To assess whether a priming dose of whole-cell pertussis (wP) vaccine is cost-effective at reducing pertussis infection in infants.

Design, setting, and participants: Mathematical model of pertussis transmission fit to US incidence data in a simulation of the US population. In this simulation study conducted from June 2014 to May 2015, the population was divided into 9 age groups corresponding to the current pertussis vaccination schedule and fit to 2012 pertussis incidence.

Interventions: Inclusion of a priming dose of wP vaccine into the current acellular pertussis vaccination schedule.

Main outcomes and measures: Reductions in symptomatic pertussis incidence by age group, increases in wP vaccine-related adverse effects, and quality-adjusted life-years owing to changing vaccine schedule.

Results: Switching to a wP-priming vaccination strategy could reduce whooping cough incidence by up to 95% (95% CI, 91-98), including 96% (95% CI, 92-98) fewer infections in neonates. Although there may be an increase in the number of vaccine adverse effects, we nonetheless estimate a 95% reduction in quality-adjusted life-years lost with a switch to the combined strategy and a cost reduction of 94% (95% CI, 91-97), saving more than $142 million annually.

Conclusions and relevance: Our results suggest that an alternative vaccination schedule including 1 dose of wP vaccine may be highly cost-effective and ethically preferred until next-generation pertussis vaccines become available.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Age Distribution
  • Bordetella pertussis
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Models, Biological
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Pertussis Vaccine*
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Vaccination / methods
  • Whooping Cough / economics
  • Whooping Cough / epidemiology
  • Whooping Cough / prevention & control*
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Pertussis Vaccine