Behavioral Nutrition Interventions Using e- and m-Health Communication Technologies: A Narrative Review

Annu Rev Nutr. 2016 Jul 17;36:647-64. doi: 10.1146/annurev-nutr-071715-050815. Epub 2016 Mar 21.


e- and m-Health communication technologies are now common approaches to improving population health. The efficacy of behavioral nutrition interventions using e-health technologies to decrease fat intake and increase fruit and vegetable intake was demonstrated in studies conducted from 2005 to 2009, with approximately 75% of trials showing positive effects. By 2010, an increasing number of behavioral nutrition interventions were focusing on body weight. The early emphasis on interventions that were highly computer tailored shifted to personalized electronic interventions that included weight and behavioral self-monitoring as key features. More diverse target audiences began to participate, and mobile components were added to interventions. Little progress has been made on using objective measures rather than self-reported measures of dietary behavior. A challenge for nutritionists is to link with the private sector in the design, use, and evaluation of the many electronic devices that are now available in the marketplace for nutrition monitoring and behavioral change.

Keywords: Internet; computer-tailored; diet; nutrition education; nutrition intervention; web-based.

Publication types

  • Historical Article
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Behavioral Medicine / history
  • Behavioral Medicine / methods*
  • Behavioral Medicine / trends
  • Biomedical Research / methods
  • Biomedical Research / trends
  • CD-ROM
  • Diet, Healthy*
  • Diet, Reducing
  • Electronic Mail
  • Feeding Behavior
  • History, 21st Century
  • Humans
  • Internet
  • Mobile Applications
  • Nutritional Sciences / education
  • Nutritional Sciences / history
  • Nutritional Sciences / methods*
  • Nutritional Sciences / trends
  • Overweight / diet therapy
  • Patient Compliance*
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Private Sector / trends
  • Public-Private Sector Partnerships / trends
  • Self Report
  • Self-Evaluation Programs
  • Telemedicine / history*
  • Telemedicine / trends