Nutrition and Periodontal Disease

Dent Update. 2016 Jan-Feb;43(1):66-8, 71-2. doi: 10.12968/denu.2016.43.1.66.


The identification of inflammatory periodontal disease and education in local and systemic risk factors and their management forms the foundation of the treatment of this disease. Nutrition is potentially a modifiable risk factor that could drive or abrogate the underlying oxidative stress in periodontitis. As research in this area is still in its infancy, clinical guidance on the delivery of dietary advice for susceptible patients is scarce. This paper will explain the possible mechanisms linking nutrition and periodontal disease, as well as the guidelines currently available to the dental profession. CPD/CLINICAL RELEVANCE: With a growing evidence base, an appreciation of the links between nutrition and inflammatory periodontal disease can help guide clinicians in educating patients on this potentially important modifiable risk factor.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antioxidants / therapeutic use
  • Diet
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Inflammation Mediators / immunology
  • Neutrophils / immunology
  • Nutrition Disorders / complications*
  • Nutrition Disorders / immunology
  • Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
  • Oxidative Stress / physiology
  • Periodontitis / etiology*
  • Periodontitis / immunology
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / immunology
  • Trace Elements / therapeutic use
  • Vitamins / therapeutic use


  • Antioxidants
  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Inflammation Mediators
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Trace Elements
  • Vitamins