Colon cancer, physical activity, and occupational exposures. A case-control study

Cancer. 1989 May 1;63(9):1838-42. doi: 10.1002/1097-0142(19900501)63:9<1838::aid-cncr2820630930>;2-4.


A case-control study on colon cancer was conducted encompassing 329 cases and 658 controls. Occupations and various exposures were assessed by questionnaires. A decreased risk was found in persons with physically active occupations. This effect was most pronounced in colon descendens and sigmoideum with an odds ratio (OR) of 0.49 whereas no reduced risk was found for right-sided colon cancer. Regarding specific jobs, reduced ORs were found for agricultural, forestry, and saw mill workers and increased OR for railway employees. High-grade exposure to asbestos or to organic solvents gave a two-fold increased risk. Regarding exposure to trichloroethylene in general, a slightly increased risk was found whereas such exposure among dry cleaners gave a seven-fold increase of the risk.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / epidemiology*
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Colitis, Ulcerative / complications
  • Colonic Neoplasms / epidemiology*
  • Epidemiologic Methods
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Physical Exertion*
  • Risk
  • Risk Factors