Sham feeding. Cephalic-vagal influences on gastric myoelectric activity

Dig Dis Sci. 1989 Apr;34(4):521-7. doi: 10.1007/BF01536327.

Abstract

The effects of sham feeding on gastric motility of human subjects have not previously been studied. The amplitude of 3-cpm electrogastrogram (EGG) waves increases after the ingestion of food. We hypothesized that sham feeding would stimulate a similar, but briefer gastric myoelectric response. Healthy human subjects chewed and expectorated a hot dog on a roll and later ate a second hot dog. EGGs were continuously recorded before, during, and after sham feeding and eating. The results of experiment I (N = 27) showed that the hand-scored amplitude of the 3-cpm waves increased significantly (P less than 0.01) during sham feeding. Two minutes after sham feeding, the mean amplitude of 3-cpm EGG waves returned to baseline level. The increase in EGG amplitude during eating was also significant (P less than 0.01), and remained increased for approximately 30 min after ingestion. The procedure used in experiment II (N = 20) was similar to experiment I, but EGGs were computer analyzed and power, ie, spectral intensities, at 3 cpm were obtained. The increase in power at 3 cpm during sham feeding and during eating was significant (P less than 0.05 and P less than 0.02, respectively). Similar to experiment I, the duration of increase in power at 3 cpm was brief during sham feeding compared to the postprandial increase. Four vagotomized subjects failed to show an increase in power at 3 cpm in response to sham feeding. We conclude: (1) The cephalic-vagal stimulation of sham feeding increases briefly the amplitude and power of 3-cpm gastric myoelectric activity in healthy subjects but not vagotomized patients.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Eating*
  • Electrodiagnosis
  • Female
  • Food*
  • Gastrointestinal Motility*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Reflex / physiology*
  • Vagotomy, Truncal
  • Vagus Nerve / physiology*