Progression of cell cycle is associated with changes in K(+) channel expression and activity. In this study, we report that Kv10.1, a K(+) channel that increases cell proliferation and tumor growth, is regulated at the transcriptional level by the pRb/E2F1 pathway. De-repression of E2F1 by HPV-E7 oncoprotein leads to increased expression of Kv10.1. In proliferating cells, E2F1 transcription factor binds directly to the Kv10.1 promoter during (or close to) G2/M, resulting in transient expression of the channel. Importantly, this happens not only in cancer cells but also in non-transformed cells. Lack of Kv10.1 in both cancer and non-transformed cells resulted in prolonged G2/M phase, as indicated by phosphorylation of Cdk1 (Y15) and sustained pRb hyperphosphorylation. Our results strongly suggest that Kv10.1 expression is coupled to cell cycle progression and facilitates G2/M progression in both healthy and tumor cells.
Keywords: E2F1; Kv10.1; cell cycle; pRb; potassium channel.