Noninvasive evaluation of global left ventricular function with use of cine nuclear magnetic resonance

J Am Coll Cardiol. 1989 May;13(6):1294-300. doi: 10.1016/0735-1097(89)90304-5.

Abstract

Previous reports have validated the accuracy of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging for quantitating ventricular volumes and myocardial mass. In this study, a new rapid NMR imaging method, cine NMR imaging, was used to compare left ventricular volumes determined from the transverse plane and short-axis plane in healthy volunteers and patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. With use of the short-axis plane, left ventricular mass at end-systole and end-diastole were determined and left ventricular systolic wall thickening at three different levels was assessed. For validation in the current study, cine NMR imaging and two-dimensional echocardiographic measurements of left ventricular volumes were correlated. Left ventricular volumes of the normal volunteers (end-systolic volume = 34 +/- 3.8 ml, end-diastolic volume = 90.4 +/- 7.2 ml) and patients with cardiomyopathy (end-systolic volume = 173 +/- 28.3 ml, end-diastolic volume = 219.5 +/- 29.6 ml) obtained in the transverse plane were nearly identical to those obtained in the short-axis plane (normal volunteers, end-systolic volume = 30.3 +/- 3.5 ml, end-diastolic volume = 84.7 +/- 7.0 ml and patients with cardiomyopathy, end-systolic volume = 179.1 +/- 27.8 ml, end-diastolic volume = 227 +/- 30.9 ml) and correlated highly (r = 0.91) with volumes obtained by two-dimensional echocardiography. Assessment of left ventricular mass over a broad range using cine NMR imaging in a short-axis plane was identical at end-systole (normal volunteers, 117 +/- 10 g; patients with cardiomyopathy, 202 +/- 20 g) and end-diastole (normal volunteers, 115 +/- 10 g; patients with cardiomyopathy, 194 +/- 21 g).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cardiomyopathy, Dilated / diagnosis*
  • Echocardiography
  • Heart Ventricles / anatomy & histology
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Contraction
  • Stroke Volume