Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency

Hematol Oncol Clin North Am. 2016 Apr;30(2):373-93. doi: 10.1016/j.hoc.2015.11.006.


G6PD is a housekeeping gene expressed in all cells. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) is part of the pentose phosphate pathway, and its main physiologic role is to provide NADPH. G6PD deficiency, one of the commonest inherited enzyme abnormalities in humans, arises through one of many possible mutations, most of which reduce the stability of the enzyme and its level as red cells age. G6PD-deficient persons are mostly asymptomatic, but they can develop severe jaundice during the neonatal period and acute hemolytic anemia when they ingest fava beans or when they are exposed to certain infections or drugs. G6PD deficiency is a global health issue.

Keywords: Favism; Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase; Hemolytic anemia; Malaria selection; X-linked genetic polymorphism.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Animals
  • Comorbidity
  • Disease Management
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Drug Discovery
  • Global Health
  • Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase / genetics
  • Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase / metabolism
  • Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency / diagnosis*
  • Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency / epidemiology
  • Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency / genetics
  • Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Mutation


  • Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase