MicroRNAs (miRNA) play important roles in the initiation and progression of breast cancer. Here, we investigated the role of miR-601 in breast cancer and found that its expression was significantly down-regulated in breast cancer tissues compared with matched adjacent non-cancerous breast tissues. Moreover, we found that down-regulation of miR-601 was closely associated with distant metastasis and poor distant metastasis-free survival in breast cancer. In addition, miR-601 levels were inversely correlated with metastatic potential of human breast cancer cell lines. Further experiments showed that ectopic overexpression of miR-601 suppressed breast cancer cell proliferation, migration and invasion, whereas miR-601 knockdown promoted breast cancer cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Furthermore, protein tyrosine phosphatase type IVA 1 (PTP4A1) was identified as a direct target of miR-601. Overexpression of miR-601 repressed PTP4A1 mRNA and protein expression. Conversely, inhibition of miR-601 increased PTP4A1 mRNA and protein expression. Taken together, our data suggest that miR-601 inhibits growth and invasion of breast cancer cells by targeting PTP4A1 and that miR-601 is a potential biomarker for prognosis and therapeutic target in breast cancer.
Keywords: Breast cancer; Metastasis; PTP4A1; Prognosis; miR-601.
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