Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Olfactory Hallucinations and Associated Delusions: A Case Report

Am J Psychother. 2016;70(1):117-23. doi: 10.1176/appi.psychotherapy.2016.70.1.117.

Abstract

Olfactory hallucinations (OH) are experienced by a substantial minority of people with schizophrenia, often leading to social anxiety, depression and suffering. Yet, despite their prevalence and clinical significance, OH in schizophrenia are under-researched and poorly understood, with scarce information about potential treatments. To address this gap in the literature, the author describes a case report of successfully using Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for psychosis (CBTp) to address OH, related delusions, as well as mood and social functioning difficulties in a male patient with schizophrenia. The results provide preliminary support for the feasibility and effectiveness of using CBTp to address OH and related delusions in individuals with schizophrenia.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy / methods*
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Delusions* / diagnosis
  • Delusions* / etiology
  • Delusions* / psychology
  • Delusions* / therapy
  • Depression / diagnosis
  • Depression / etiology
  • Depression / psychology
  • Depression / therapy
  • Hallucinations* / diagnosis
  • Hallucinations* / etiology
  • Hallucinations* / psychology
  • Hallucinations* / therapy
  • Humans
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome* / complications
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome* / psychology
  • Male
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Psychotic Disorders* / complications
  • Psychotic Disorders* / diagnosis
  • Psychotic Disorders* / psychology
  • Psychotic Disorders* / therapy
  • Psychotropic Drugs / therapeutic use*
  • Social Adjustment
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Psychotropic Drugs