Polymorphism of rs3737597 in DISC1 Gene on Chromosome 1q42.2 in sALS Patients: a Chinese Han Population Case-Control Study

Mol Neurobiol. 2017 Jul;54(5):3162-3179. doi: 10.1007/s12035-016-9869-3. Epub 2016 Apr 7.


Although lots of genes have been revealed to relate to sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (sALS), its genetic mechanisms still need to be further explored. We aimed to search the novel genetic factors of sALS and assess their contribution. We constructed an integrative dataset based on the 3227 subsignificant genes (P value < 0.01) from two sALS-related genome-wide association studies (GWAS) (the US and Irish studies). A significant replication between both studies was confirmed by the gene set enrichment analysis in the integral level (P value < 10-4). Using the pathway overrepresentation analysis, we revealed the 34 shared Gene Ontology (GO) biological processes from the two independent studies (P value < 0.01). Among these pathways, the nervous system developmental pathway (NSD function, GO:0007399) was further supported by the previously reported genes related to sALS (P value = 3.28e-12). Importantly, four of 17 NSD-function-related target genes (disrupted-in-schizophrenia-1 (DISC1), CNTN4, NRXN3, and ERBB4) presented a considerable association with sALS in both studies. To further verify the association between the NSD function target genes and sALS, we preformed a two-stage case-control study based on 500 sALS patients and 500 controls of Chinese Han populations from mainland. A polymorphism of rs3737597 in DISC1 gene involved in the nervous system developmental pathway was closely associated with sALS. The nervous system developmental pathway is a potential pathogenesis of sALS, among them, the polymorphism of rs3737597 in DISC1 might play some roles.

Keywords: DISC1 gene; Nervous system developmental pathway; Sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis / genetics*
  • Asian People / genetics*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 / genetics*
  • Ethnicity / genetics*
  • Female
  • Genetic Loci
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
  • Genome-Wide Association Study
  • Humans
  • Ireland
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / genetics*
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • United States


  • DISC1 protein, human
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins

Supplementary concepts

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 1