Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 25 (11), 3666-3674

A New Quasi-Invariant Parameter Characterizing the Postural Alignment of Young Asymptomatic Adults


A New Quasi-Invariant Parameter Characterizing the Postural Alignment of Young Asymptomatic Adults

Celia Amabile et al. Eur Spine J.


Purpose: Our study aims to describe the postural alignment of young asymptomatic subjects from head to feet from bi-planar standing full-body X-rays, providing database to compare to aging adults. Novelty resides in the inclusion of the head and lower limbs in the erected posture's analysis.

Methods: For 69 young asymptomatic subjects (18-40 years old) 3D reconstructions of the head, spine, pelvis and lower limbs segments were performed from bi-planar full-body X-rays. Usual studied spinal, pelvic and lower limbs' parameters were computed in 3D, sagittal and frontal planes of the patient. Relationships between these parameters were investigated. Inclinations of different lines were studied to characterize the erected posture.

Results: Values found for spinal curvatures, pelvic parameters and lower limbs geometrical parameters agreed with the literature: thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis, pelvic incidence, pelvic tilt and sagittal vertical axis were respectively in average of 26.9° (SD 7.2°), 30.5° (SD 7.5°), 51.0° (SD 9.4°), 11.1° (SD 5.6°) and -8.9 mm (SD 21.6 mm). The angle between the vertical and the line joining the most superior point of dentiform apophyse of C2 (OD) and the center of the bi-coxofemoral axis (HA) was the less variable one (SD 1.6°).

Conclusions: This study on 3D postural alignment reports the geometry of the spine, pelvis and lower limbs, of the young asymptomatic adult. The less variable angle is the one of the line OD-HA with the vertical, highlighting the vertical alignment of the head above the pelvis. This study provides a basis for future comparisons when investigating aging populations.

Keywords: 3D; Asymptomatic young adults; Head to feet; Skeleton’s postural alignment; Spinal alignment.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 10 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles


    1. Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin. 2012;15(5):457-66 - PubMed
    1. Surg Radiol Anat. 2003 Nov-Dec;25(5-6):424-33 - PubMed
    1. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2004 Oct 15;29(20):2284-9 - PubMed
    1. Osteoporos Int. 2005 Aug;16(8):969-76 - PubMed
    1. Med Eng Phys. 2013 Dec;35(12 ):1703-12 - PubMed

LinkOut - more resources