Cotranslational microRNA mediated messenger RNA destabilization

Elife. 2016 Apr 8;5:e12880. doi: 10.7554/eLife.12880.


MicroRNAs are small (22 nucleotide) regulatory molecules that play important roles in a wide variety of biological processes. These RNAs, which bind to targeted mRNAs via limited base pairing interactions, act to reduce protein production from those mRNAs. Considerable evidence indicates that miRNAs destabilize targeted mRNAs by recruiting enzymes that function in normal mRNA decay and mRNA degradation is widely thought to occur when mRNAs are in a ribosome free state. Nevertheless, when examined, miRNA targeted mRNAs are invariably found to be polysome associated; observations that appear to be at face value incompatible with a simple decay model. Here, we provide evidence that turnover of miRNA-targeted mRNAs occurs while they are being translated. Cotranslational mRNA degradation is initiated by decapping and proceeds 5' to 3' behind the last translating ribosome. These results provide an explanation for a long standing mystery in the miRNA field.

Keywords: D. melanogaster; chromosomes; cotranslation; genes; mRNA decay; microRNAs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Drosophila
  • MicroRNAs / metabolism*
  • Protein Biosynthesis*
  • RNA Stability*
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism*


  • MicroRNAs
  • RNA, Messenger

Grants and funding

The funders had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.