Effects of K-877, a novel selective PPARα modulator (SPPARMα), in dyslipidaemic patients: A randomized, double blind, active- and placebo-controlled, phase 2 trial

Atherosclerosis. 2016 Jun;249:36-43. doi: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2016.02.029. Epub 2016 Feb 26.


Background and aims: To assess the efficacy and safety of K-877 (Pemafibrate), a novel selective peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α modulator (SPPARMα) that possesses unique PPARα activity and selectivity, compared with placebo and fenofibrate in dyslipidaemic patients with high triglyceride (TG) and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels.

Methods and results: This study was a double blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group 12-week clinical trial. The study randomized 224 patients to K-877 0.025, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2 mg BID, fenofibrate 100 mg QD, or placebo (1:1:1:1:1:1) groups. Least squares mean percent changes from the baseline TG levels were -30.9%, -36.4%, -42.6%, -42.7% for the K-877 0.025, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2 mg BID respectively (p < 0.001), which were greater than that of the fenofibrate 100 mg QD (-29.7%, p < 0.001) group. Statistically significant improvements from the baseline HDL-C, very-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, chylomicron cholesterol, remnant lipoprotein cholesterol, apolipoprotein (apo) B (apoB), and apoC-III were also observed in the K-877 groups. The incidence of adverse events (AEs) in the K-877 groups (32.4-56.8%) was comparable to those in placebo (47.2%) and fenofibrate 100 mg QD (56.8%); adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in the K-877 groups (2.7-5.4%) were less than those in placebo (8.3%) and fenofibrate 100 mg QD (10.8%) groups.

Conclusion: In dyslipidaemic patients with high TG and low HDL-C, K-877 improved TG, HDL-C, and other lipid parameters without increasing AEs or ADRs, compared to placebo and fenofibrate. K-877 can be expected to improve atherogenicity and to be a new beneficial treatment for dyslipidaemic patients.

Keywords: Dyslipidaemia; HDL; K-877; Pemafibrate; SPPARMα; Triglyceride.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase II
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Benzoxazoles / therapeutic use*
  • Butyrates / therapeutic use*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / drug therapy
  • Cholesterol, LDL / blood
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Dyslipidemias / drug therapy*
  • Female
  • Fenofibrate / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Japan
  • Lipoproteins, HDL / blood
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • PPAR alpha / agonists*
  • Patient Safety
  • Triglycerides / blood


  • Benzoxazoles
  • Butyrates
  • Cholesterol, LDL
  • Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
  • K-877 compound
  • Lipoproteins, HDL
  • PPAR alpha
  • Triglycerides
  • Fenofibrate