Surveillance for Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus in Wild Birds during Outbreaks in Domestic Poultry, Minnesota, 2015

Emerg Infect Dis. 2016 Jul;22(7):1278-82. doi: 10.3201/eid2207.152032. Epub 2016 Jul 15.


In 2015, a major outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) infection devastated poultry facilities in Minnesota, USA. To understand the potential role of wild birds, we tested 3,139 waterfowl fecal samples and 104 sick and dead birds during March 9-June 4, 2015. HPAIV was isolated from a Cooper's hawk but not from waterfowl fecal samples.

Keywords: H5N2; Minnesota; avian influenza; avian influenza virus; fecal sampling; highly pathogenic avian influenza; influenza; low pathogenicity avian influenza; respiratory infections; surveillance; viruses; waterfowl; wildlife disease.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Wild
  • Birds
  • Disease Outbreaks / veterinary*
  • Feces / virology
  • Influenza A virus / classification
  • Influenza A virus / pathogenicity*
  • Influenza in Birds / epidemiology
  • Influenza in Birds / virology*
  • Minnesota / epidemiology
  • Population Surveillance
  • Poultry Diseases / epidemiology
  • Poultry Diseases / virology*